American Review of Reviews (Shuler, Marjorie).  “Teaching Women Politics.”  July-December 1921, pp. 288-289.   PDF.

Ardmore Daily Ardmorite [Ardmore, OK]. “Why Not Teach Men Good Citizenship as Well as Women?” December 14, 1919, p. 13.   PDF. 

Arizona Republican. "Main Purpose of First Citizenship School to Emphasize Relation of Politics to Home: Sponsor of First School Outlines Program Held in New Hampshire College Last Summer." January 29, 1920, section two, p. 1. PDF

The Birmingham News [Birmingham, [AL]. "Chicago Negro Woman Suffrage Club Formed: Organization Said to Be First of Its Kind in the United States." January 6, 1913, p. 12.

Boston American  

Boston American (Hazel Canning). “Urge Women Voters to Gossip to Cure All Political Evils.” July 9, 1919.   PDF.

-----. “Depicts Boston as Ideal When Women Vote.” July 10, 1919.  PDF.

-----. “Woman Speaker Scores Lodge and Gillett: Lively Tilt at School for Women Voters; Advised to Scorn Both Political Parties.” July 11, 1919.  PDF.

-----. “’Give Us Love and a Job’ – Is a Woman’s Plea: Mrs. Schoonmaker Says Ten Million Feminine Workers Are Barred from Motherhood.” July, 12, 1919.   PDF.

Boston Globe  

Boston Evening Globe. “Four-Day School for Women Voters: On Responsibilities and Duties of Citizenship.” June 25, 1919, p. 4.  PNG.

Boston Daily Globe. “Husband, Child, Job, Office for Woman: Voters’ School Is Told This Is Her Share.” July 12, 1919, p. 5.   PNG.

Boston Daily Globe (M.E. Hennessey). “Drilling Women Recruits for Voting Army.”  July 13, 1919, p. 50.  

Boston Herald  

Boston Herald. “To Teach Women Voters Politics: New Hampshire College Will Hear Both Sides” July 8, 1919, p.1. PDF

-----. “Opens School to Instruct Women Voters: Non-partisan Keynote at First Session at New Hampshire College: Pupils Expect to Vote for President.” July 9, 1919, pp.1, 18.  PDF

Boston Post  

Boston Post (Margaret A. Strickland). “Women Urged to Be Republicans: Democrats to Have Their Chance Today.” July 10, 1919, p. 5.   PDF.

-----.“Murchie Speaks for Democrats: Urges Women Voters to Join the Party – Discussion Warm among Suffragists.” July 11, 1919.   PDF.

-----. “Hubby and Meals Not Only Task: Women Don’t Get a Square Deal Says Speaker.” July 12, 1919, p. 18.   PDF.

Boston Sunday Post. "Women Voters." July 13, 1919.  PDF

Christian Science Monitor 

Christian Science Monitor [Boston, MA]. “Federating of Women’s Clubs is Described.” Jun 17, 1914, p. 6.  

-----. “Suffrage an Issue in New Hampshire.” November 4, 1918, p. 7.

-----. “Suffrage Activity in New Hampshire.” December 13, 1918, p.5. 

-----. “Suffrage in New Hampshire.” December 18, 1918, p. 5.  

 -----. “Suffrage Resolve in New Hampshire.” January 10, 1919, p. 5.  

-----. "School for Women Voters." July 1, 1919, p. 5. 

-----. “No Party Lines for Women Voters: Speaker at the School for Citizenship at New Hampshire College Says Doubling the Vote of Men Defeats Their Object.” Jul 10, 1919, p. 13.  

-----. “School for Women Voters Continued.” July 18, 1919, p. 5.  

-----. “Women Instructed in Citizenship.” August 14, 1920, p.6.  

Dearborn Independent [Dearborn, MI] (Ellis Meredeth). “A Women’s School for Citizenship.” November 8, 1919, p.7.  PDF

Foster’s Daily Democrat  

Foster’s Daily Democrat [Dover, NH] “The School for Citizenship.” July 9, 1919, p. 5.  PDF1 PDF2

 -----. “Hon. Dwight Hall Speaks at NH College.” July 10, 1919, p.5.   PDF1 PDF2

 -----. “Citizenship School at NH College.” July 11, 1919, p. 4.  PDF

 -----. “The Citizenship School at NH College.” July 12, p. 5.  PDF1 PDF2

The Granite Monthly  

The Granite Monthly. “Editorial.” Vol. LI, no. 10; October, 1919, pp. 448-9.  PDF

----- (Pillsbury, Hobart).  “Woman Suffrage in New Hampshire.” Vol. LVIII, no. 8; August, 1926, pp. 260-267. 

Logansport Pharos Reporter [Logansport, IN]. “School of Politics.” July 14, 1919, p.5.  PDF

Lowell Sun [Lowell, MA]. “Citizenship Schools Interest Women.” November 28, 1919, p. 2.  PDF

Manchester Union  

Manchester Union [Manchester, NH]. “Over 100 to Study Citizenship.” July 3, 1919, p. 4.   PDF

 -----. “Brilliant Orator to Speak at Durham.” July 5, 1919, p.4.  PDF

-----. “Citizenship School Program at Durham.” July 7, 1919, p. 3.   PDF 

-----. “School for Citizenship.” July 8, 1919, p.1.   PDF

 -----. “Citizenship School Program.” July 8, p. 3.   PDF

 -----. “Durham School for Women Is Well Attended: Heads of State Organizations Are Cooperating in Movement: Mr. Spaulding Treats Reconstruction Topic: Address by Mrs. Frank S. Streeter on ‘Child Welfare’ – Women Should Do for Government What They Do for the Home.” July 9, 1919, pp. 1, 8.   PDF1   

-----. “The First School for Women Voters.” July 9, 1919, p. 6.  PDF

-----. “Citizenship School Argues Many Themes: Women Hear at Durham Why They Should Join the Republican Party: Mary Grey Brewer Sets Forth Principles: Mrs. Meredith on Evolution of Modern Government – Initiation by Mrs. Schoonmaker Into Mysteries of Gerrymandering.” July 10, 1919, pp. 1-2.   PDFPDF2

-----. “Durham School Free Afternoon: Spirited Discussion on Merits of Two Major Parties.” July 11, 1919, p. 1. PDF   

-----. “Durham Women’s School Closes: Another Similar Session Will Be Held Next Year – Committee Named.” July 12, 1919, pp. 1-2.  PDFPDF2

Mitchell Sunday Republican [Mitchell, SD]. "Big Political Parties Train Guns on Women: Republican and Democratic Chiefs Outline Platforms to New Voters: AT CITIZEN'S SCHOOL: G. O. P. Stands for Working Men, Democrats for Individuals against Nation, Declared." July 20, 1919, p. 15. PDF

The New Hampshire  

The New Hampshire [Durham, NH]. “Several Meetings for Farmer’s Week Planned.” Vol. 9, No. 32; June 9, 1920, p.3. 

-----. “Women Study Civics.” Vol 10, No. 1; September 29, 1920, p.4. 

Portsmouth Herald 

Portsmouth Herald. “The School for Citizenship: To Teach Women Duties to Be Taken On.” June 25, 1919, p.5.   PDF

-----.  “School for Citizenship Opens Tuesday.” July 7, 1919, p. 5.  PDF

-----. “School for Citizenship.” July 8, 1919, p. 5.  PDF

-----. “No Party Lines for Women Voters.” July 9, 1919, p.7.   PDF

-----. “Women in Politics What They Hope For.” July 11, 1919, p. 7.   PDF

The Quincy Daily Herald, [Quincy, MA]. “New Citizenship Schools Hold Interest of Women.” November 29, 1919, p. 13.   

The State [Columbia, SC]. “Citizenship School: Interesting Institute Held in New Hampshire.” Columbia, SC; September 14, 1919, p. 33.  PDF

Wilkes-Barre Times Leader [Wilkes-Barre, PA]. “New Citizenship Schools Hold the Interest of Women.” December 26, 1919. PDF

The Woman Citizen  

The Woman Citizen (Shuler, Marjorie). “Citizenship Schools.” Vol. 4 (1919), pp. 310, 314 - 315.   PDF

The Woman Citizen. “Citizenship Schools.” Vol 4. (1919), pp. 620-1.  PDF

-----. “Adventures in Citizenship.” Vol. 4 (1919), p. 998.  PDF

Wyoming State Tribune [Cheyenne, WY]. “New Citizenship Schools Hold Interest of Women.” December 24, 1919.  PDF



Funk, Kathryn. “A Woman’s Place.” IWU Magazine, Spring 2012.  

Marino, Kelly. “Ballots, Bandages, and Books: Connecticut Suffragists, Citizenship Education, and Women's Activism in the World War I Era.” Connecticut History Review, vol. 56, no. 1, 2017, pp. 40–67. 

  Price, Jillian. “New Hampshire College’s World War I Training Camp: An Archeological Investigation” (2013). Honors Theses and Capstones 145.



Harper, Ida Husted. The History of Woman Suffrage Vol. VI, 1900-1920.  NAWSA, 1922. Transcribed by Project Gutenberg.   

Jones, Martha S. Vanguard: How Black Women Broke Barriers, Won the Vote, and Insisted on Equality for All. Basic Books. 2020. 

New Hampshire Women's Suffrage Association. A Brief History of the New Hampshire Women Suffrage Association. 1907.

Terborg-Penn, Rosalyn. African-American Women in the Struggle for the Vote (1850-1920). Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1998.

Wood, Mary I. The History of the General Federation of Women's Clubs: For the First Twenty-Two Years of Its Organization. 1912.



Ansah, Ama. “Votes for Women means Votes for Black Women”. National Women’s History Museum, August 16, 2018. 

Bain News Service, 1915 -1920. “Mrs. Antoinette Funk.”

Brown, Janice.  “New Hampshire Suffragist, Club-Woman, Civic Leader, Social Service Worker: Martha Smith Kimball of Portsmouth (1870-1967).  Cow Hampshire. May 27, 2019.   

Brown, Janice.  “New Hampshire Suffragist, Clubwoman, Publicist, Civic Leader: Mary Inez (Stevens) Wood of Portsmouth (1866-1945).  Cow Hampshire. June 24, 2019.   

Corbett, Katie.  “Biographical Sketch of Mary Inez Stevens Wood.”  Alexander Street.   

Cortes, Noel. “Biographical Sketch of Nancy Musselman Schoonmaker.” Alexander Street.  

Daily, Andrew, et al. "Biographical Sketch of Antoinette Funk." Alexander Street.

Gale, Neil. “Illinois Woman Suffrage Association; ‘Ahead of their Time.’” Digital Research Library of Illinois History Journal. July 22, 2018. 

Harley, Sharon. “African American Women and the Nineteenth Amendment”. National Park Service. April 10, 2019. 

National Park Service. "New Hampshire and the 19th Amendment."

Wingnet. “Round the World Flights.”   


To continue the memories of some of the impressive women who founded and participated in the School for Citizenship, we have also made the following Wikipedia pages: