Dipolarization in the inner magnetosphere during a geomagnetic storm on 7 October 2015

Citation:

Matsui H, Erickson PJ, Foster JC, Torbert RB, Argall MR, Anderson BJ, Blake JB, Cohen IJ, Ergun RE, Farrugia CJ, et al. Dipolarization in the inner magnetosphere during a geomagnetic storm on 7 October 2015. Geophysical Research Letters [Internet]. 2016;43 (18) :9397–9405.

Abstract:

A dipolarization event was observed by the Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) spacecraft at L = 3.8 and 19.8 magnetic local time starting at ∼23:42:36 UT on 7 October 2015. The magnetic and electric fields showed initially coherent variations between the spacecraft. The sunward convection turned tailward after the dipolarization. The observation is interpreted in terms of the pressure balance or the momentum equation. This was followed by a region traversed where the fields were irregular. The scale length was of the order of the ion gyroradius, suggesting the kinetic nature of the fluctuations. Combination of the multi-instrument, multispacecraft data reveals a more detailed picture of the dipolarization event in the inner magnetosphere. Conjunction ionosphere-plasmasphere observations from DMSP, two-dimensional GPS total electron content, the Millstone Hill midlatitude incoherent scatter radar, and AMPERE measurements imply that MMS observations are located on the poleward edge of the ionospheric trough where Region 2 field-aligned currents flow.

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