Coyote (Canis latrans)
Coyotes are a member of the canid family. They are significantly larger than foxes, but much smaller than wolves. They range from brownish to yellowish gray, with reddish brown legs and muzzle and white underparts. Coyotes have long, erect ears, and a long muzzle. Their long tails are black at the tip.
Coyotes have adapted to a diverse array of habitat types. Their range extends through almost all of North America, and they may be found in forests, prairies, mountains, grasslands, and deserts. Coyotes also thrive in urban and suburban areas.
Coyotes are largely carnivorous but will occasionally consume plants. The majority of their diet consists of small mammals, including rabbits, squirrels, and mice. However, coyotes can also hunt larger prey, such as deer, when working together in packs. Coyotes eat a significant amount of carrion, and in urban and suburban areas coyotes will scavenge from human trash.
Coyotes are monogamous; they will stay with the same mate for many years or for life. Females bear young once a year, and up to nineteen pups can be in a single litter. However, the average number of offspring 6. The pups are weaned between one and two months of age. By nine months old, the pups are fully grown. The males disperse to find their own territories, but the females will often stay with their parents and form a family pack.
Fun Fact: Coyotes are capable of hybridizing with both domestic dogs and wolves.