Ten Ways States can Combat Ocean Acidification (And Why They Should)


Kelly, R.P. & Caldwell, M.R., 2013. Ten Ways States can Combat Ocean Acidification (And Why They Should). Harvard Environmental Law Review , 37.


The ocean is becoming more acidic worldwide as a result of increasing atmos-pheric concentrations of carbon dioxide (“CO2”) and other pollutants. This fundamen-tal change is likely to have substantial ecological and economic consequences globally.In this Article, we provide a toolbox for understanding and addressing the drivers ofocean acidification. We begin with an overview of the relevant science, highlightingknown causes of chemical change in the coastal ocean. Because of the difficulties asso-ciated with controlling diffuse atmospheric pollutants such as CO2, we then focus oncontrolling smaller-scale agents of acidification, discussing ten legal and policy toolsthat state government agencies can use to mitigate the problem. This bottom-up ap-proach does not solve the global CO2 problem, but instead offers a more immediatemeans of addressing the challenges of a rapidly changing ocean. States have amplelegal authority to address many of the causes of ocean acidification; what remains is toimplement that authority to safeguard our iconic coastal resources.

See also: OA general
Last updated on 04/17/2019