Avoiding Legal Risks that Telemedicine Might Entail
Physicians must follow Specific Licensing requirements
Today patients are increasingly seeking out virtual services that doctors are trying to provide. In order for a physician to use Telehealth devices on a patient they must first receive a proper license corresponding to the state they practice in or where the patient currently is. With this barrier, physicians must get a license in multiple states to be able to transfer patient data virtually.
The Interstate License Medical Compact which emcompases 28 states and 38 osteopathic boards offers “expedited pathway to licensure for qualified physicians seeking to practice in multiple states” (Pratt, 2019).
Specific State Rules
Every state has its set of own rules for physicians to follow
However, physicians need to understand every state has its own rules. For example, some states require the physicans to see their patient in person before they can use any telehealth services. Another example is “some states allow physicians to prescribe certain controlled substances via telemedicine visits under certain circumstances” which “require physicians to understand such regulatory differences if any of their patients are out of state” (Pratt, 2019).
Constant Change of Regulatory Rules
As technology changes, so do guidelines and regulatory requirements for Telehealth usage
The TriCouncil of Nursing has noted “With the advent of the information age and digital era, nursing regulation must address the unique needs of interstate practice enabled by telehealth technologies” (Brous, 2016) A 2014 survey conducted a study that showed that even though families think Telehealth can drastically improve their hospital visits, only 15% have actually used Telehealth in the previous year.
Seven Deadly Barriers
The barriers used to describe this lack of utilization is called the “seven deadly barriers”
1. money 2. regulations 3. hype
4. adoption 5. technology
6. evidence 7.success