Source References

Web Sites

undefined (Nettie Lee Benson Latin American Collection, University of Texas): Exhibit with links to images of 16th century Latin American maps. 

Early Maps  (Nettie Lee Benson Latin American Collection, University of Texas)

David Rumsey Map Collection (Cartography Associates)

Exploring the Early Americas (Library of Congress)


Barrera-Osorio, Antonio. Experiencing Nature: The Spanish American Empire and the Early Scientific Revolution. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2006.

Blake, John. The Sea Chart: The Illustrated History of Nautical Maps and Navigational Charts. London: The Conway Maritime Press, 2004.

Brotton, Jerry. Trading Territories: Mapping the Early Modern World. New York: Cornell University Press, 1998.

Canizares-Esguerra, Jorge. Nature, Empire, and Nation: Explorations of the History of Science in the Iberian World. Stanford: University of California Press, 2006.

Craib, Raymond B. Cartographic Mexico: A History of State Fixations and Fugitive Landscapes. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2004. 

Ehrenberg, Ralph E. Mapping the World: An Illustrated History of Cartography. Washington, DC: National Geographic Society, 2005.

Kagan, Richard. Urban Images of the Hispanic World, 1493-1793. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000.

Koch, Tom. Cartographies of Disease: Maps, Mapping, and Medicine.Redlands, CA:  ESRI Press, 2005. 

McGarry, E. John. Ploughing the South Sea: A History of Merchant Shipping on the West Coast of South. Bloomington, IN: AuthorHouse, 2006.

Mundy, Barbara E. The Mapping of New Spain: Indigenous Cartography and the Maps of the Relaciones Geograficas. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1996.

Mundy, Barbara E. The Mapping of New Spain: Indigenous Cartography and the Maps of the Relaciones Geograficas. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000.

Padron, Ricardo. The Spacious World: Cartography, Literature, and Empire in Early Modern Spain. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2004.

Parry, J.H. The Discovery of the Sea. New York: The Dial Press, 1974.

Pimentel, Juan. "The Iberian Vision: Science and Empire in the Framework of a Universal Monarchy, 1500-1800." Osiris, 2nd Series.15, Nature and Empire: Science and the Colonial Enterprise. (2000): 17-30.

Sandman, Alison. "An Apologia for the Pilots' Charts: Politics, Projections and Pilots' Reports in Early Modern Spain." Imago Mundi. 56: 1 (January 2004): 7-22.

Schwartz, Seymour and Ralph E. Ehrenberg. The Mapping of America. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1980.

Sobel, Dava. Longitude: The True Story of a Lone Genius Who Solved the Greatest Scientific Problem of his Time. New York: Penguin, 1996.

Thompson, J. Eric S. "Canoes and the Navigation of the Maya and Their Neighbors." Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute. 79:1/2 (1949): 69-78.

Turnbull, David. "Cartography and Science in Early Modern Europe: Mapping the Construction of Knowledge Spaces." Imago Mundi. 48 (1996): 5-24.

Woodward, David. The History of Cartography, Volume 3: Cartography in the European Renaissance. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007.