This group is meant to tackle the idea that the Arctic is likely the last frontier, ripe for exploitation. How can Arctic communities be empowered to ensure that they benefit from increased activity in their homes? Tourism and resource extraction has potential to severely degrade the Arctic environment, with profits accruing to distant corporations/nations. How can the historic colonial pattern be avoided this time? On the other hand, Arctic communities (or at least some members of them) see the opening of the Arctic as potential economic boom and their desires for enhanced prosperity and security must be recognized. Can the Arctic be developed in a way that preserves adequate ecosystems to support traditional communities and cultures and enhances their situations?