One of the most influential variables in determining the performance-based properties of the asphalt mixtures is the specimen fabrication method. This study investigates the impact of specimen fabrication methods through a comprehensive study of six test sections constructed in 2011that include a range of RAP contents and two different virgin binders. Complex modulus and fatigue characterisation was conducted on asphalt binders and mixtures. Three specimen fabrication methods were evaluated: specimens compacted from plant sampled loose mix with and without reheating, and specimens fabricated from raw materials in the laboratory. Predicted performance from lab tests were compared to field performance. The mixtures with PG 58-28 binder showed expected trends with increasing RAP content (higher modulus, lower phase angle); however, mixes with PG 52-34 did not. Similar trends were observed for specimens fabricated with plant mix (not reheated), and the specimens fabricated with raw materials in the lab. Binder results and performance prediction using the plant mix agree with the observations in the field.