Rahbar-Rastegar R, Daniel JS, Dave EV. Evaluation of viscoelastic and fracture properties of asphalt mixtures with long-term laboratory conditioning. Transportation Research Record [Internet]. 2018;2672 (28) :503 - 513.
Abstract:Aging affects the properties of asphalt mixtures in different ways; increase of stiffness, decrease of relaxation capability, and the increase of brittleness, resulting in changes in cracking behavior of asphalt mixtures. In this study, ten plant-produced, labcompacted mixtures with various compositions (recycled materials, binder grades, binder source, and nominal maximum aggregate size) are evaluated at different long-term aging levels (24 hours at 135°C, 5 days at 95°C, and 12 days at 95°C on loose mix and 5 days at 85°C on compacted specimens). The asphalt mixture linear viscoelastic properties (|E*| and d) and master curve shape parameters measured from complex modulus testing and fracture properties (measured from discshaped compact tension and semi-circular bending fracture testing) are compared at different levels of aging. The results indicate that the mixture exposure time to aging is proportional to the dynamic modulus and phase angle changes. Generally, the fracture parameters of mixtures become worse when aging level changes from 5 to 12 days aging. In spite of the similar viscoelastic properties, the mixtures with 24 hours at 135°C and 12 days at 95°C aging do not show similar fracture parameters.
© National Academy of Sciences: Transportation Research Board 2018.