Patrick Heelan, with background in quantum theory and in hermeneutic phenomenology, investigated not only the hermeneutical philosophy of science but also the parallels between quantum mechanics and human experience in general and the logic of changes of worldview. Heelan’s closeness to Aristotle and Lonergan, often neglected, is discussed, and issues concerning Heelan’s treatment of the social context of science are raised.
This book examines Fuller’s pioneering vision of social epistemology. It focuses specifically on his work post-2000, which is founded in the changing conception of humanity and project into a ‘post-‘ or ‘trans-‘ human future. Chapters treat especially Fuller’s provocative response to the changing boundary conditions of the knower due to anticipated changes in humanity coming from the nanosciences, neuroscience, synthetic biology and computer technology and end on an interview with Fuller himself. While Fuller’s turn in this direction has invited at least as much criticism as his earlier work, to him the result is an extended sense of the knower, or ‘humanity 2.0’, which Fuller himself identifies with transhumanism. The authors assess Fuller’s work on the following issues: Science and Technology Studies (STS), the university and intellectual life, neo-liberal political economy, intelligent design, Cosmism, Gnosticism, agent-oriented epistemology, proactionary vs precautionary principles and Welfare State 2.0.
Fuller's account of epistemic agency is better than that of analytic social epistemologists. This is because it incorporates the maleability of epistemic agency with the development of new technologies, social organizations, and human enhancements. Nevertheless Fuller's account of the epistemic agency of scientists is too narrow.
Examines to what extent Hannah Arendt's distinction between work, labor, and action as well as Jürgen Habermas' distinction between instrumental action and commuinicative action is undermined by the development of the new electronic media and the status of information as neither physical nor mental.
Lakatos was originally a Marxist-Leninist. He also was strongly influenced by the Hungarian tradition of mathematical heuristics. The influences have usually been ignored or deemphasized, especially the latter, in accounts of Lakatos' theories. Several of Lakatos' teachers and mentors were involved in theories of mathematical heuristics. Several, but not all, were also Marxists to a greater or lesser extent. Shared themes of the Marxist account of methodology of economics and theses of the Hungarian mathematical heuristics writers are pointed out.
The new edition of this authoritative introduction to the philosophy of technology includes recent developments in the subject, while retaining the range and depth of its selection of seminal contributions and its much-admired editorial commentary.
Remains the most comprehensive anthology on the philosophy of technology available
Includes editors’ insightful section introductions and critical summaries for each selection
Revised and updated to reflect the latest developments in the field
Combines difficult to find seminal essays with a judicious selection of contemporary material
Examines the relationship between technology and the understanding of the nature of science that underlies technology studies
Dusek V. Technocratic Risk Management. In: Handbook of Risk Theory: Epistemology, Decision Theory, Ethics, and Social Implications of Risk eds. Sabine Roeser, Rafaela Hillerbrand, Martin Peterson, Per Sandin. 1st ed. Berlin and New York: Springer Verlag ; 2012. pp. 1138-1163. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Risk theory has often been approached technocratically. This article surveys the history of technocracy from Plato through Bacon, Comte, Veblen, and others and points out the frequently technocratic tendencies in some approaches to risk analysis that prioritize judgments of risk by supposed experts in contrast to estimates and reactions to risk by the general public.
Poniewaz filozofia techniki narodzila sie stosunkowo niedawno a obszary wiedzy wchodzace w jej zakres wzajemnie sie przenikaja poczatkowo trudno zorientowac sie w tej dziedzinie Z jednej strony zagadnienie technika i czlowiek doczekalo sie wielu komentarzy Powstala na ten temat obszerna choc w znacznej mierze powierzchowna literatura tak zwanych afterdinner speeches ktora tworza glownie specjalisci od techniki i politycy Z drugiej strony istnieje wysoce zagmatwana i niejasna literatura europejska rozwijajaca sie w oparciu o poglady najtrudniejszych i najmniej przystepnych filozofow jak Hegel Marks czy Heidegger Mam nadzieje ze niniejsza ksiazka stanie sie dla czytelnika przewodnikiem po wielu fascynujacych tematach i pogladach ktore wchodza w zakres tej dziedziny Prof Val Dusek Wprowadzenie do filozofii techniki w umiejetny sposob prowadzi czytelnika po najbardziej fundamentalnych problemach filozoficznych ktore stawia przed ludzmi wszedobylska i coraz silniejsza obecnosc techniki w spoleczenstwie i w codziennym zyciu czlowieka Val Dusek rozpoczyna od rozwazan nad sama natura techniki a nastepnie zajmuje sie szerokim wachlarzem zagadnien miedzy innymi technokracja racjonalnoscia techniczna determinizmem technicznym i formami sprzeciwu wobec postepu technicznego Zapoznanie sie z pytaniami zamieszczanymi na koncu kazdego rozdzialu dostarcza czytelnikowi niezbednego narzedzia do krytycznego badania techniki i jej wplywu na nasze zycie Wprowadzenie do filozofii techniki jako doskonala pozycja dla studentow filozofii i przedmiotow scislych oferuje zachecajacy i obszerny przeglad niezwykle istotnego dla naszych czasow przedmiotu
The philosophy of technology has only in recent decades become an organized branch of contemprary philosophy. One reason was because technology was thought to be simply, unproblematically applied science, and thus focus was almost solely on philosophy of science. Contemporary philosophy of technology promises to unite various schools of philosophy and branches of philosophy. Philosophy of technology unites ethics and science, and uses continental and analytic philosophy.
Com habilidade, esta obra guia os leitores pelas questões filosóficas levantadas pelo avassalador desenvolvimento tecnológico de nosso tempo. Ao final de cada capítulo, são apresentadas questões para estudo que nos oferecem os instrumentos necessários para examinar criticamente a natureza da tecnologia e seu impacto em nossas vidas. É dirigida a estudantes de filosofia e de ciências.
Steve Gould incorporated approaches and themes from Marxism into the content of his biology. Gould has pursued his research and theorizing with a constant awareness of the history and social context of prior investigations. Beyond his well-known critiques of biological deterministm and "race science" Gould incorporated Marx's historical approach in his understanding of evolution and of development of the individual organism and the interaction of the two. There are also some elements of structuralism in his approach.
While many books have claimed parallels between modern physics and Eastern philosophy, none have dealt with the historical influences of both Chinese traditional thought and non-mechanistic, holistic western thought on the philosophies of the scientists who developed electromagnetic field theory. In The Holistic Inspirations of Physics, Dusek asks: to what extent is classical field theory a product of organic and holistic philosophies and frameworks?
Electromagnetic theory has been greatly influenced by holistic worldviews, Dusek posits, and he highlights three alternative scientific systems that made the development of electromagnetic theory possible: medieval Chinese science, Western Renaissance occultism, and the German romantic traditions. He situates these "alternative" approaches in their social context and background, and traces their connection with components of “accepted” physical science in relation to a number of social movements and philosophical theories.
Readers will learn of specific contributions made by these alternative traditions, such as the Chinese inventing the compass and discovering the earth's magnetic field and magnetic declination. Western alchemical ideas of active forces and "occult" influences contributed to Newton's theory of gravitation force as action at a distance, rather as a result of purely mechanical collisions and contact action.
Dusek also describes the extent to which women's culture supplied (often without credit) the philosophical background ideas that were absorbed into mainstream field theory.